History of the NIST
NIST is the National Institute of Standards and Technology. Originally called the National Bureau of Standards (from 1901 to 1988), the NIST's mission is to promote technological innovation and advancement by promulgating measurement standards, science, and technology that enhance the quality of life and economic security of the citizens of the United States. As a non-regulatory branch of the Department of Commerce's Technology Administration, the NIST is responsible for continued research and refinement in the science of measurement.
Today the NIST has an operating budget around $930 million and employs a full time staff of engineers and scientist approaching 3,000, with another 1,800 associate staff from American companies and foreign companies working closely with the agency. The NIST has two main offices, one in Gaithersburg, MD, and one in Boulder, CO, where the world's most accurate atomic clock and official national time is located.
NIST and Mesothelioma
After the passage of the Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Act (AHERA) in 1989 the NIST created the National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP) for labs utilizing either polarized light microscopy (PLM bulk samples) or by transmission electron microscopy (TEM air samples). The program is administered by the NIST to ensure the accuracy and precision of laboratories conducting either PLM or TEM testing for schools subject to testing under AHERA. The NVLAP program maintains a list of accredited asbestos testing laboratories that schools must use to satisfy AHERA. Asbestos exposure has been causally linked to illness and death from mesothelioma.
For a list of NIST accredited laboratories utilizing PLM testing click the link below:
For a list of NIST accredited laboratories utilizing TEM testing click the link below: